The JACL is working with the National Council of Asian Pacific Islander Physicians (NCAPIP), the Asian American Native Hawaiian Pacific Islander (AANHPI) Diabetes Coalition, and the University of Hawaii to develop up-to- date, evidence-based and integrated, culturally sensitive educational materials for Japanese Americans and other AANHPI communities. Educational materials will address best practices for the prevention and treatment of diabetes and related cardiovascular complication among Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islanders.
Heart diseases and stroke are the number one causes of death and disability among people with diabetes type 2. Concurrently, diabetes is considered to be one of the seven major controllable risk factors for cardiovascular disease. These intricately interwoven clinical entities, when not managed appropriately can be detrimental to the well being of patients.
Asian Americans are 60-70% more likely to have diabetes compared to Whites after adjusting for age, sex, and body mass index. Among Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders, the prevalence ranges from 8% in Hawaii, 10% in Guam, to 47% in American Samoa.
Stroke in Asians and Pacific Islanders remains the principal cause of death among adults with uncontrolled hypertension, especially in Japanese, Korean, and Chinese with high salt intake. Further, aggregated Asian Americans have more severe stroke complications, such as dysphasia, hemiplegia, and aphasia, compared with whites. Dietary sodium levels are high in some East Asian diets, particularly Japanese and Chinese diets.
The expected outcomes of this project include: 1) increased awareness among physicians, health educators, and other health care providers about the prevention and treatment of diabetes among Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander populations; 2) identification of culturally and linguistically appropriate Asian and Pacific Islander language patient education materials about diabetes prevention and treatment; and 3) an action plan for EHR system vendors to incorporate and make available for dissemination through their EHR systems culturally and linguistically appropriate Asian and Pacific Islander language patient education materials about diabetes prevention and treatment.
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Facts on Salt: Asian Foods [PDF]
Common Asian Ingredients by Sodium Content [PDF]